New York City was founded by the Dutch in 1624 as New Amsterdam. The city of New York served as the capital from 1785 to 1790. Prior to colonization, bands of the Native American Algonquin tribe lived in what are now the five boroughs of Brooklyn, the Bronx, Manhatten, Queens and Staten Island.
Iconic buildings and bridges fan out from the harbour where the Statue of Liberty greets immigrants with an ideal of social tolerance. The city is the most linguistically diverse in the world with over 800 languages. The United Nations is headquarted here and Broadway is synonymous with theatre. New York City sets global trends in art, fashion, finance and entertainment.